Modern Slavery (Includes Human Trafficking and the Exploitation of Children) Definition
Modern slavery is a form of organised crime in which individuals including children and young people are treated as commodities and exploited for criminal gain. Traffickers and slave drivers trick, force and/or persuade children and parents to let them leave their homes. Grooming methods are used to gain the trust of a child and their parents, e.g. the promise of a better life or education, which results in a life of abuse, servitude and inhumane treatment.
Child trafficking or child modern slavery is identified as child abuse which requires a child protection response. It is an abuse of human rights, and all children, irrespective of their immigration status, are entitled to protection under the law.
The National Referral Mechanism is a framework for identifying victims of human trafficking and ensuring they receive appropriate care. It was set up in 2009 as part of the UK's implementation of the Council of Europe Convention.
Modern Slavery (Victim Support) Bill
The Modern Slavery (Victim Support) Bill, led by Lord McColl, passed the Committee Stage in the House of Lords on 29th March 2018. The Bill seeks to put support for trafficked people into law, ensuring confirmed victims of trafficking are granted a residence permit for 12 months and that support is provided throughout this time.
For more information about the Bill and how you can lend your support, please visit www.freeforgood.org.uk where you can write to your MP asking them to support the Bill when it reaches the Commons.
Unseen Website and Modern Slavery Helpline 08000 121 700
Anti-slavery partnership: Includes government leaflets setting out support for victims of modern slavery in 11 languages.
Unchosen website: Includes films and printable posters and leaflets.
The NSPCC has a Child Trafficking Advice Centre for staff who work with children or young people who may have been trafficked into the UK, contact their specialist service for information and advice. Call 0808 800 5000 or email email@example.com or visit their website for more information.
Home Office guide: raising awareness of modern slavery
This modern slavery awareness booklet provides an up-to-date, easy to read resource setting out some of the key facts about modern slavery. It may help inform staff as part of a wider awareness raising programme.Topics covered include:
- the definition of modern slavery and the prevalent types in the UK
- spotting the signs of modern slavery
- victims and barriers to reporting
The Gangmasters and Labour Abuse Authority (GLAA) has produced a range of videos on how to spot the signs of modern slavery, methods used by traffickers to exploit their victims, and victims accounts
The Independent Anti Slavery Commissioner (IASC) has produced a range of videos by sector on spotting the signs of modern slavery, which may be informative for any public sector worker
The UK Training Delivery Group, comprising representatives from a range of government agencies and NGOs with a role in tackling modern slavery, has produced a suite of materials aimed at all public sector workers to raise awareness of modern slavery. Details of how to access these materials can be obtained by contacting Kim Ann Williamson, Crown Prosecution Service, Cymru Wales: firstname.lastname@example.org
Relevant policies and procedures
SWCPP (Modern Slavery)
For further details see Safeguarding children who may have been trafficked, practical guidance.